- Programs and Services
(December 10, 2014 - Ottawa, ON) ― Today, Métis Nation of Ontario (“MNO”) President Gary Lipinski was pleased to announce the release of a historic report on the Métis in the Mattawa/Nipissing region. Click here to view the report: MNO Ontario Canada – Report on Mattawa Nipissing (Dec 2014).
The report was prepared by two independent companies: StoneCircle Consulting and Know History and is a result of a tripartite research initiative financially supported by the Ontario Government and the Government of Canada with equal participation of the MNO throughout.
After an extensive, independent review of both English and French historic records about the region, the researchers concluded that a distinct, inter-related Métis population emerged in the Mattawa/Nipissing study region in the early 1800s. Based on the history of the region, it is clear that this historic Métis community meets the legal test set out by the Supreme Court of Canada in R. v. Powley,  2 SCR 207. Today, the MNO represents the descendants of this historic Métis community throughout the region.
MNO President Lipinski said, “This report confirms what the MNO has always known. A significant, distinctive and interrelated Métis community emerged along the fur trade waterways in this region in the early 19th Century. This community is a part of a larger network that connects regional Métis communities within Ontario as a part of the larger Métis Nation. Any uncertainty about the history and contemporary existence of this rights-bearing Métis community should now be a thing of the past.”
This research also fulfills a shared commitment of the MNO and the Ontario Government flowing from the 2004 MNO-Ontario Harvesting Agreement with respect to pursuing joint research on the MNO’s identified traditional territories (as set out in the MNO Harvesting Policy and the attached map). This harvesting agreement, which remains in place today, recognizes the MNO Harvesting Policy and MNO Harvesters Card system in those traditional territories.
“I want to thank both Ontario and Canada for their support of this research initiative. This tripartite research demonstrates governments can work together to achieve results if there is political will and a sustained commitment. This report will also assist MNO in moving forward in our rights-based agenda based on the facts of history and will ensure proper Crown consultation occurs with the Métis community in this region in the future,” concluded President Lipinski.
Key Conclusions from Mattawa/Nipissing Historic Report:
The maps below are from the report: