Historic Métis Communities in Ontario

Historic Métis Communities

The summaries below were prepared collaboratively by the Métis Nation of Ontario (“MNO”) and the Ontario Government (“Ontario”). They are based on historical research currently available on Métis in Ontario. Click here to view the historic research reports reviewed for the purposes  of these summaries. It is important to note that these summaries are not comprehensive in scope, however, they attempt to summarize some key facts and narratives on why historic Métis communities were identified in these areas.

Identifying historic Métis communities is a necessary part of the legal requirements for establishing Métis rights protected by s. 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982. It is important to note, however, that the identification of historic Métis communities alone does not define contemporary rights-bearing Métis communities, or determine who in Ontario is Métis, who holds Métis rights, nor does it define Métis harvesting areas or territories. The MNO and Ontario continue to work together on these issues.

It is also important to note that these summaries are based on existing historical research on Métis in Ontario. As such, the conclusions in these summaries do not limit the potential of other historic Métis communities being identified or the expansion or recognition of historic Métis communities in the future based on additional historic research. Both the MNO and Ontario have committed to consider additional historic information as it may become available.