Historic Research

One of the challenges Ontario Métis face is that not enough research has been conducted and published about the unique history and development of Métis communities in Ontario as a part of the larger Métis Nation. In Phase I of its recent consultations on Métis identification and registration, MNO citizens stressed the need for the MNO to provide more information about Métis history specific to Ontario.

In its efforts to provide at least some of the research that has been done on Ontario Métis to date, the following historic reports have been posted to the MNO’s website. These reports include historical research on Métis commissioned by the MNO, the Ontario Government or the Government of Canada (by either the Department of Justice [“DOJ”] or Indian Affairs and Northern Canada [“INAC”]).

By posting these reports on its website, the MNO is not taking any position with respect to the conclusions in some or all of these reports. Further, posting these reports are “without prejudice” to the political and legal positions the MNO take or may take with respect to rights-bearing Métis communities in Ontario. These reports are provided for information purposes only. Some of them may assist individuals in better understanding Ontario Metis history or in identifying historic Metis ancestors for the purposes of completing their citizenship application with the MNO Registry.

It must also be stressed that these reports are by no means comprehensive in scope.  Many parts of Ontario have not yet been researched. Some of the reports only focus on specific location, rather than entire region. As well, for many of these reports, the MNO and its communities were not involved in the research and little to no information about the contemporary history of Métis communities in Ontario is included. These reports should be used with these limitations in mind.

However, regardless of the limitations of these reports, the MNO hopes that by publishing them online at least the limited research that has been done on Ontario Metis to date will begin to become more accessible to MNO citizens and communities.

Rainy Lake/Rainy River/Lake of the Woods/Lac Seul/Treaty #3 Reports

DOJ Report – Lake of the Woods Region
MNO Report – Rainy Lake/Rainy River
Ontario Report – Rainy Lake & Kenora

Lakehead/Nipigon/Michipicoten Reports

DOJ Report – Lake Superior
DOJ Report – Lake Superior (French)
INAC Report – Robinson Treaty Metis
Ontario Report – Michipicoten
MNO Report – Lake Superior Region

Sault Ste. Marie Reports

Powley Case Report – Victor Lytwyn
Powley Case Report – Arthur Ray
Powley Case Report – Joan Holmes
Sault Ste, Marie Names

James Bay-Abitibi Temiscamingue Reports

DOJ Report – James Bay
DOJ Report – James Bay – Appendix A
DOJ Report – James Bay – Appendix B
Ontario Report – Timmins, Cochrane and Abitibi Region

Mattawa/Nipissing Reports

Ontario Report – Mattawa and Environs
Ontario Report – Sudbury & Espanola

Georgian Bay Reports

Ontario Report – Georgian Bay
MNO Report – Penetanguishene Report

Kawartha/Ottawa River Reports

Ontario Report – Burleigh Falls
DOJ Report – Outaouais Report

Additional Research Reports

Ontario Report – Review of Reports
Ontario Report – Annotated Bibliography