Who are the Métis?

The Métis are a distinct Indigenous people with a unique history, culture, language, and way of life. The Métis Nation is comprised of descendants of people born of relations between First Nations women and European men. The offspring of these unions were of mixed ancestry. Over time a new Indigenous people called the Métis resulted from the subsequent intermarriage of these individuals. This “ethnogenesis” of distinct Métis communities along the waterways and around the Great Lakes region of present day Ontario occurred as these new people were no longer seen as extensions of their maternal (First Nations) or paternal (European) relations, and began to identify as a separate group. Distinct Métis settlements emerged as an outgrowth of the fur trade, along freighting waterways and watersheds. In Ontario, these settlements were part of larger regional communities, interconnected by the highly mobile lifestyle of the Métis, the fur trade network, seasonal rounds, extensive kinship connections and a shared collective history and identity.

Marion Larkman with flowers
Marion Larkman, MNO founding member (deceased)

Who are the Métis?

Learn more about Métis culture, customs, and traditions.

Louis Riel Day

Learn more about Louis Riel Day, the meaning behind it, and the day's importance to Métis people.

Métis Languages

Michif Language Resources for anyone who is interested in learning.

Métis Historic Timeline

Significant dates in the development of the Métis Nation

La ligne du temps

Date et événement important de la Nation Métisse

Symbols and Traditions

Learn more about the symbols and traditions that are an important part of Métis culture.

The Métis and the War of 1812

Historical information about the contributions Métis people made in the War of 1812

Volunteer of the Year Award

The Suzanne Rochon-Burnett Volunteer of the Year is presented annually to a MNO citizen who has made ongoing contributions to the MNO and their own community.