UPDATE: On June 17, 2023, the MNO Special Assembly passed resolution #SGA230617-01, approving amendments to the MNO Bylaws and MNO Registry Policy to allow for the removal of citizens from the MNO Registry whose files do not meet the current requirements for MNO citizenship. This process is subject to the removal and appeals process outlined in the MNO Citizen Removal Appeals Policy that was also adopted by the Special Assembly. Updated versions of these documents will be posted on the MNO’s Reference Documents webpage once available. Further information will also be communicated to affected citizens in their Removal Notices, consistent with the removal and appeals process. For more information, please see recent announcements by the MNO and Chief Electoral Officer on the Special Assembly results.
News and Updates
Frequently Asked Questions
On April 28, 2023, the Provisional Council of the Métis Nation of Ontario (“PCMNO”) officially called a one-day, in-person special General Assembly (“Special Assembly”) to be held on June 17, 2023 in Toronto, in accordance with the notice requirements outlined in the MNO Bylaws.
Below are responses to Frequently Asked Questions about the Special Assembly based on issues and questions that have been raised by some citizens.
The current MNO Bylaws do not allow for a plebiscite to immediately end someone’s citizenship within the MNO. To formally remove citizens from the MNO Registry, we need to amend the MNO Bylaws and MNO Registry Policy, which requires us to hold an assembly and pass a special resolution. In addition, we also need to follow the requirements set out in Ontario’s Not-for-Profit Corporations Act, since the MNO’s legal and administrative arm—the MNO Secretariat Inc.—is still incorporated under that act.
It is important to note that in the future, after we adopt our own Constitution—as Métis law—we will no longer be constrained by limiting corporate bylaws and Ontario’s Not-for-Profit Corporations Act. This is why we are working to develop our own Constitution and negotiating our self-government treaty with Canada. Until we get to that ultimate self-government destination, we need to comply with the MNO Bylaws and Ontario’s Not-for-Profit Corporations Act.
The MNO continues to investigate how virtual assemblies, with effective and reliable online voting tools, can be held in the future. At this time, the MNO has not found a technology that will allow for this. While virtual assemblies were held during the COVID-19 pandemic, these assemblies did not consider special resolutions and did not have effective online voting procedures.
Given the reality that there may be future legal challenges to this Special Assembly, the PCMNO did not want to risk holding this assembly with an unproven and untested virtual voting technology. As such, the only citizens that will be able to vote at this Special Assembly are those in physical attendance. No proxy voting will be allowed either. This has been the MNO’s practice for conducting assemblies over the last 30+ years.
The decision to hold the Special Assembly in Toronto creates disadvantages for those who do not live nearby. Given the vast size of Ontario, and since MNO assemblies move to different locations each year, this disadvantage has been consistently raised over the last 30+ years. Whatever MNO Region we host an assembly in, there will be citizens who will not be able to attend in person because of costs and distance. One of the reasons for selecting a hotel by the Toronto airport for this Special Assembly was because of travel accessibility.
In order to attempt to alleviate some of the above-noted disadvantage, the PCMNO has also authorized funding be provided to all MNO Regions so additional citizens can attend the Special Assembly. In addition, enhanced funding is being provided to MNO Regions in the north to attempt to address distance and cost factors. A memo on this was issued last week and is available here. With that said, we appreciate that not all citizens who may want to attend this Special Assembly will be able to do so.
The current PCMNO is united in implementing the democratic will of MNO citizens as demonstrated through the plebiscite. These results are consistent with the direction MNO citizens have consistently provided to leadership on this issue at numerous MNO AGAs, through the 2020 province-wide election, and during province-wide consultations.
If the democratic will of MNO citizens is not given effect through the proposed special resolution passing at this Special Assembly, the current PCMNO will work to ensure the democratic will of MNO citizens is ultimately implemented in some other way. This issue is not going away. MNO citizens have overwhelmingly and collectively spoken on what they want elected leadership to do: move forward on a process that ensures all MNO citizens are verified Métis rights-holders.
Special Assembly Planning Updates:
Important Plebiscite Information:
- MNO announces Province-wide Plebiscite results
- AGA Resolution No. AGA220820-02 (Next Steps in Registry Review Process)
- MNO Registry Review Province-wide Plebiscite Vote Guidelines
- FACT SHEET: MNO Registry Review Province-wide Plebiscite
- FAQ: MNO Registry Review Province-wide Plebiscite
- “Incomplete Files” explained
- Voter Information Package
- PCMNO Resolution (October 2017)
- MNO launches Registry and Self-Government Readiness Process
- Update on Registry and Self-Government Readiness Process (2018)
- Evidence and Key Findings in Powley
- Identification of Historic Métis Communities in Ontario
- Implementation of National Definition of Métis within Ontario
- The facts about the history of the MNO
- MNO Registry Review Process Upheld: Court Strikes Legal Claim Filed by Citizens with “Incomplete” Files – Green v. Métis Nation of Ontario
- MNO Registry and Self-Government Readiness Review Supplemental Report
- MNO moves into the Next Phase of the Registry Review Process