As part of the Métis Nation of Ontario’s (MNO) Healing and Wellness initiatives MNO Front Line Staff work with the Cancer Care Ontario Indigenous Cancer Care Unit to improve cancer care for Ontario Métis people and deliver cancer support services. The Unit works to reduce inequities in care and access to cancer services to ultimately improve cancer outcomes. It does this by building regional capacity through the Indigenous Navigators and Regional Indigenous Cancer Leads and Coordinators and by developing Regional Indigenous Cancer Plans across the Regional Cancer Programs.

Building on the success of the second Aboriginal Cancer Strategy (2012 to 2015) and its 6 strategic priorities the Unit continues to implement successive strategies to address the inequities, variations, and disparities experienced by First Nations, Inuit, and Métis people in Ontario. They do this through collaborative partnerships and greater integration of care services. To aid in this goal, the MNO has undertaken multiple cancer research projects. These include the Cancer Patient Journey Project and the Cancer Screening Uptake Research Study that is currently being done collaboratively with the Unit. A Report on the Study’s findings is being finalized and will be available on the MNO Website in the coming months.

Breast Screening Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Can I prevent breast cancer?

No, but if it is found early there is a good chance it can be cured.

Do I need to have a mammogram if there is no history of breast cancer in my family?

Yes. Most women who get breast cancer have no family history of the disease.

Should I start having a mammogram when I turn 50?

Yes. More than 80% of breast cancers are found in women over age 50.

Where should I go if I want to have a mammogram?

If you are 50 years or more phone the Ontario Breast Screening Program for an appointment. If you are under 50 years discuss with your health practitioner.

If I notice a change in my breast(s) should I see my doctor?

Yes. You should see your doctor or nurse practitioner right away even though most changes are not cancerous.

Can men get breast cancer?

Yes. 1% of all breast cancers happen in men.

How many women are at high risk for breast cancer?

Less than 1% of women are estimated to be at high risk for breast cancer.

What should I do if I think I’m at high risk for breast cancer?

See your doctor for a referral for screening based on your family and medical history.

Cervical Screening Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What causes cervical cancer?

70% of cervical cancer is caused by certain types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV).

What is HPV?

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a common family of viruses found in both males and females. Some HPV viruses cause genital warts and other HPV viruses cause cancer of the cervix.

How is HPV spread?

HPV is passed from one person to another through intimate sexual contact and skin-to-skin contact.

What is a Pap Test?

A Pap Test is a screening test that looks for abnormal cells on the cervix. These cells could develop into a cancer if not found and treated.

What can I do to prevent cervical cancer?

Talk to your doctor about getting the HPV vaccine preferably before you are sexually active. The vaccine prevents 70% of HPV infections.

How can I reduce my chances of getting cervical cancer?

You can reduce your chances of developing cervical cancer by 90% by getting the HPV Vaccine, having regular Pap Tests performed, and having follow up Pap Tests performed if abnormal results are found.

Does the HPV Virus have symptoms?

No. There are no symptoms and often people do not know that they have an HPV infection until informed by a medical professional.

Updated: April 2, 2020